Yun-Nan Fu Yvetot
YUN-NAN FU YVETOT goats and sheep: Silkworms are reared. The chief wealth of Yun-nan consists, however, in its minerals. Copper is the most important of the minerals worked. Silver and gold are produced, but they are not known to exist in any large quantities. Lead is of frequent occurrence, and indeed the area through which copper, silver, lead, tin and zinc are distributed in sufficient quantities to make mining answer, comprises at least 80,000 sq. m. Coal is also found and several salt mines are worked. The ores are generally of good quality, and are easy of extraction. Cotton yarn and clothi petroleum, timber and furs are among the chief imports; copper, tin, hides and tea are important exports; medicines in the shape not only of herbs and roots, but also of los>ils, shells, bones, teeth and various products of the animal kingdom; and precious stones, principally jade and rubies, are among the other exports.
Yun-nan, long independent, was subdued by Kublai Khan, but was not finally incorporated in the empire until the i;th century. It was the principal centre of the great Mahommedan rebellion, which lasted sixteen years and was suppressed in 1872. Even in 1910 the province had not wholly recovered from the effects of that struggle and the barbarity with which it was stamped out. The opening of Christian (Protestant) mission work in Yun-nan began in 1877, and was one result of the murder of Mr Margary (see CHINA, History, D).
See H. R. Davies, Yun-nan, the Link between India and the Yangtze (Cambridge, 1909) ; A. Little, Across Yunnan (London, 1910); Rev. J. M'Carthy, "The Province of Yunnan," in The Chinese Empire (London, 1907) ; L. Richard, Comprehensive Geography of the Chinese Empire (Shanghai, 1908).
Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)