JURJANI, the name of two Arabic scholars.
1. ABU BAKR "ABDU-L-QAHIR IBN 'ABDUR-RAHMAN UL- JURJAN! (d. 1078,) Arabian grammarian, belonged 'to the Persian school and wrote a famous grammar, the Kitab ul'Awamil ul-Mi'a or Kitab Mi' at 'Amil, which was edited by Erpenius (Leiden, 1617), by Baillie (Calcutta, 1803), and by A. Lockett (Calcutta, 1814). Ten Arabic commentaries on this work exist in MS., also two Turkish. It has been versified five times and translated into Persian. Another of his grammatical works on which several commentaries have been written is the Kitab Jumal fin-Nahw.
For other works see C. Brockelmann's Gesch. der Arabischen Litteratur (1898), i. 288.
2. 'ALI IBN MAHOMMED UL-JURJANI (1330-1414), Arabian encyclopaedic writer, was born near Astarabad and became professor in Shlraz. When this city was plundered by Tlmur (1387) he removed to Samarkand, but returned to Shlraz in 1405, and remained there until his death. Of his thirty-one extant works, many being commentaries on other works, one of the best known is the Ta'rif at (Definitions), which was edited by G. Fliigel (Leipzig, 1845), published also in Constantinople (1837), Cairo (1866, etc.), and St Petersburg (1897). (G. W. T.)
Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)