WOODCHUCK, the vernacular name of the common North American representative of the marmots (see MARMOT) , scientifically known as Arctomys monax. The typical race of this species ranges from New York to Georgia and westward to the Dakotas, but it is represented by a second and darker race in Labrador, and by a third in Canada; while several other North American species have been named. The ordinary woodchuck measures about 1 8 in. in length, of which the tail forms a third. In colour it is usually brownish black above, with the nose, chin, cheeks and throat tending to whitish, and the under parts brownish chestnut; while the feet and tail are black and blackish. Like other marmots it is a burrower.
Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)