Winer, Georg Benedikt
WINER, GEORG BENEDIKT (1789-1858), German Protestant theologian, was born at Leipzig on the 13th of April 1789. He studied theology at Leipzig, where eventually (1832) he became professor ordinarius. From 1824 to 1830 he edited with J. G. V. Engelhardt the Neues kritisches Journal der theologischen Literatur, and alone from 1826 to 1832 the Zeitschrift fiir wissenschaftliche Theologie. He is well known as the author of a Grammatik des neutestamentlichen Sprachidioms (1821, 8th ed. revised by P. W. Schmiedel, 1894 ff.), of which several translations have appeared, the latest being by W. F. Moulton (1870, 3rd ed. 1882). He died on the 12th of May 1858.
His other works include : Komparative Darstellung des Lehrbegriffes der verschiedenen christlichen Kirchenparieien (1824; 4th ed. by P. Ewald, 1882; Eng. trans. 1873), Biblisches Realworterbuch (1820; 3rd ed. 1847-1848, 2 vols.), Grammatik des bibliichen und targumischen Chaldaismus (1824; 3rd ed. by B. Fischer, Chalddische Grammatik fur Bibel und Talmud, 1882; Eng. trans. 1845) and a useful Handbuck der theologischen Literatur (1820; 3rd ed. 1838-1840, 2 vols.; supplement, 1842). Cf. W. Schmidt, " Zum Gedachtnis Dr G. B. Winers," in the Beitrdge zur sdchsischen Kirchengeschichte.
Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)