WICHITA INDIANS, a tribe of North American Indians of Caddoan stock. They call themselves Kitikitish or Tawehash. Their former range was between the Red and Washita rivers, Oklahoma, and they are now on a reservation there. They were kinsmen of the Pawnee, and the French called them Pani Pique (" Tattooed Pawnee '"') They were known to other Indians as the " Tattooed People " in allusion to the extensive tattooing customary among them. They numbered 3000 in or about 1800, but only about 300 now survive.
Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)