WESTPHAL, RUDOLF (1826-1892), German classical scholar, was born at Obernkirchen in Schaumburg on the 3rd of July 1826. He studied at Marburg and Tubingen, and was professor at Breslau (1858-1862) and Moscow (1875-1879). He subsequently lived at Buckeburg, and died at Stadthagen in Schaumburg-Lippe on the zoth of July 1892. Westphal was a man of varied attainments, but his chief claim to remembrance rests upon his contributions on Greek music and metre. His chief works are: Griechische Metrik (3rd ed., 1885-1889); System der antiken Rhythmik (1865); Hephaestion's De metris enchiridion (1866); Aristoxenus of Tarentum (translation and commentary, 1883-1893, vol. ii. being edited after his death by F. Saran); Die Musik des griechischen Altertums (1883); Allgemeine Metrik der indogermanischen und semitischen Volker (1892). He made translations of Catullus (1870) and of Aristophanes' Acharnians (1889), in which he successfully reproduced the Dorisms in Plattdeutsch.
Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)