WAQIDI [Abu 'Abdallah Mahommed ibn 'Umar ul-Waqidl] (747-823), Arabian historian, was born at Medina, where he became a corn-dealer but was compelled to flee from his creditors (owing largely to his generosity) to Bagdad. Here the Barmecide vizier Yahya b. Khalid (see BARMECIDES) gave him means and made him cadi in the western district of the city. In 819 he was transferred to Rosafa (Rusafa) on the east side. His greatest work is the Kitab ul-Maghazi, or history of Mahomet's campaigns.
The first third of the Kltab ul-Maghazi (one leaf missing) was gublished by A. von Kremer from a Damascus MS. (Calcutta, 1856). prenger in his Leben Muhammad's used a British Museum MS. containing the first half, all but one leaf. J. Wellhausen published an abridged German translation from another British Museum MS. under the title Muhammad in Medina (Berlin, 1882).
Ascribed to WaqidI, but probably written at the time of 'the Crusades to incite the Moslems against the Christians, are several works on the conquests of Islam. One of the best known is the Fuluh ush-Sham, edited by W. Nassau Lees (Calcutta, 1854-1862; Cairo, 1865). M. J. de Goeje, in his Memoires sur la conquete de la Syrie (Leiden, 1900), holds that this work is founded on that of Abu Hudhaifa ul-Bukhari, which in turn is an edition of the real WaqidI. See ARABIA, Literature, section " History." (G. W. T.)
Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)