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VOLCI, or VULCI, an ancient town of Etruria. The circ of the walls measures about 4 m., and scanty traces of the and of Roman buildings within them still exist. The Pon della Badia over the Fiora, a bridge with a main arch of 66 span, 98 ft. above the stream, is also Roman. An aquedu passes over it. The former wealth of the town is mainly provi by the discoveries made in its extensive necropolis from 18 onwards Greek vases, bronzes and other remains man of which are now in the Vatican. By 1856 over 15,000 torn had, it was calculated, been opened. These were entirely su terranean, and little is now to be seen on the site but great tumulus, the Cucumella, and a few smaller ones. T! frescoes from the Francois tomb, discovered in 1857, illustrati: Greek and Etruscan myths, are now in the Museo Torloni at Rome. Volci was one of the twelve towns of Etruri; Coruncanius triumphed over the people of Vulsinii and Vol in 280 B.C.. and the colony of Cosa was founded in their territory. This seems to have led to the decline of the city, and it d not seem to have been of great importance in the Rom period, though it became an episcopal see.

See G. Dennis, Cities and Cemeteries of Etruria (London, 1883 i. 437, ii. 503; S. Gsell, Fouilles dans la necropole de Vulci (Pari 1891), for the excavations of 1889 (with copious references to earli publications). (T. As.)

Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)

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