VIVARINI, BARTOLOMMEO is known to have worked from 1450 to 1499. He learned oil-painting from Antonello da Messina, and is said to have produced, in 1473, the first oil picture done in Venice. This is in the church of S. Giovanni e Paolo a large altar-piece in nine divisions, representing Augustine and other saints. Most of his works, however, including one in the National Gallery, are in tempera. His outline is always hard, and his colour good; the figures have much dignified and devout expression. As " vivarino " means in Italian a goldfinch, he sometimes drew a goldfinch as the signature of his pictures.
Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)