Uniforms Of Austria-Hungary
UNIFORMS OF AUSTRIA-HUNGARY The infantry uniforms, since the abandonment of the historic white after 1866, have been of a very quiet shade of dark blue, and the facings colours are more varied than those of any other army. The " German," that is Austrian, infantry wears in full dress a dark blue single-breasted tunic, light blue trousers, and a black leather shako with double eagle and a metal ball ornament. The equipment is black. On the shoulders are straps terminating in rolls or " wings," all of the regimental colour, as are the collar and the (" German ") cuffs. In marching or service dress the tunic is replaced by a hooked jacket or blouse with plain cuffs, no shoulder-straps, and only collar patches of the regimental colour. The trousers are turned up over or tucked into a high ankle boot. The field cap is of cloth, cylindrical, with flaps buttoning in front. Hungarian infantry wears the same tunic but has a silver or white embroidered device in front of the cuff. The trousers are tight pantaloons, with a yellow piping and " Austrian " really Hungarian knots. Officers of infantry have no shoulder cords or straps. The full dress shako and the collar are ornamented with braid or lace according to rank. A yellow waistsash is worn. Hungarian officers are dressed as Austrian except for the tunic cuff ornament. In other respects both the tunic and the blouse are similar to the men's. Jagers wear a broad-brimmed felt hat with cock's feather plume on the left. The tunic, trousers and cap are green-grey; the buttons gold; cuffs, collar, shoulder ornament and piping in full dress, and collar patch and piping in. undress, green. Officers wear the waist-sash and double green stripes on the trousers. All officers in undress wear plain dark grey trousers and dark grey cylindrical cloth cap, both in the line and the Jagers.
Dragoons wear light blue jackets with collar and cuffs of regimental colour and narrow white or gold shoulder cord, red trousers, black crested helmets (gilded crests for officers), and slung pelisse exactly similar to the jacket except that the collar and cuffs are of black fur. The jacket is not merely an ornament, but is frequently worn, serving as a tunic. The field cap of the rank and file is red, shaped as for infantry, but without peak. Belts brown. The facings are dark red 1st and 3rd, black 2nd and 6th, grass green 4th and 9th, imperial yellow 5th and I2th, sulphur yellow 7th and loth, scarlet 8th and nth, madder red 13th and I4th, white 15th. Silver buttons i, 2, 4. 5. 6, 7, II, 13; gold 3, 8, 9, 10, 14, 15.
Hussars wear dark or light blue jackets and pelisses, the former braided, the latter braided and edged with black fur. The trousers are red with gold " Austrian " knots and piping (all hussars are Hungarian) and the boots have the usual hussar braid. The headdress is a shako with black " shaving-brush " plume. Regimental distinctions are as follows:
Lancers ( Uhlans, who do not carry lances) wear the lancer cap (czapka) with black plume looped back, and old ornaments, light blue double-breasted lancer tunics (slung on the shoulder as pelisses) with madder red cuffs and piping but no " plastron " black for collar and gold shoulder cord. The jacket is plain, light blue, with breast and skirt pockets and flaps edged red, red collar and cuffs, no shoulder cord. The trousers are red. Regimental distinctions top of the czapka, imperial yellow 1st and 6th, dark green 2nd and 7th, madder 3rd and 8th, white 4th, light blue 5th, cherry nth, dark blue 12th and I3th. gold buttons 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th and I2th; silver 6th, 7th, 8th, nth and I3th.
Artillery wear maroon tunics, light blue trousers, red collars, cuffs, shoulder-straps and wings, light blue cap, shako with black plume looped back. Fortress artillery have a red stripe in the trousers, technical artiljery are dressed as field, but with dark grey trousers and cap and without plume. Buttons gold. On the jacket the whole collar is red. Officers wear pouch-belts as cavalry, and in undress the usual grey trousers and cap.
Engineers have an infantry uniform, but in the Jager colours, grey and green. Train (A.S.C.) as artillery, but with light blue facings and red trousers with cap. Their shako has no plume.
Infantry (III. Corps).
Infantry (V. Corps).
Prussia: Prussia: Prussia: Prussia- 9th Dragoons. Captain, Field Major, Officer, 3rd Zietcn Artillery. 7th Cuirassiers. Hussars.
Prussia : Uth Uhlans.
4th Grenadier Guards.
Saxony : Jager.
Prussia : General.
;neral Staff. Service dress.
Bersaglieri Marching order.
Field Artillery Cavallegieri Officer. (12th Regt.).
Major- Infantry Line Cavalry. Infantry, General. Officer. Officer Undress Service dress Undress (4th Genoa (Aosta Brigade).
(Pistoia Brigade). Regt.).
The staff wears a dark green tunic, short-waisted, double-breasted and piped all round with red. The collar and cuffs are red (cuffs black for general staff), buttons and lace usually gold. The trousers are dark grey, piped red (in some cases with stripes of yellow and red). The general staff wears the waist-sash; the adjutant-general's branch, aides-de-camp, etc., the same sash over the shoulder (as indeed all adjutants wear it in Germany and Austria). The cocked hat is small and has a green feather plume. General officers ordinarily wear dark grey trousers with double red stripe, pearlgrey tunics, cocked hats and waist-sash ; their collars and cuffs are red. Inspector-generals of artillery and engineers wear the colours of their arm (brown and Jager grey). In court dress, however, Austrian generals wear the old white tunic and red, gold-laced trousers; Hungarian generals an elaborate red hussar dress, with a white pelisse.
Rank is shown by stars and lace on the collar. Lance-corporal, corporal and sergeant have I, 2 and 3 worsted stars; second lieutenant, first lieutenant and captain I, 2, and 3 gold or silver stars; major, lieutenant-colonel and colonel I, 2 and 3 stars on a goldlaced collar; major-general, lieutenant field-marshal and general (or Fddzeugmeister) 1, 2 or 3 stars on laced collar.
Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)