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Umbra

UMBRA (Lat. for shade or shadow), in astronomy, the completely dark portion of the shadow of a heavenly body, filling the space within which the Sun is entirely hidden. The body being supposed spherical, the umbra is a cone circumscribing both the Sun and the body that casts the shadow. The term is also given to the interior and darkest part of a sunspot. (See Sun; ECLIPSE.)

Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)

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