ULEABORG (Finnish, Oulu), a province in the grand duchy of Finland, including a wide territory to the north of Kuopio and nearly reaching Varangerf jord, taking in the high dreary plateau of Laponia (16,000 sq. m.) and the fertile plains of Osterbotten. It has a total area of 63,970 sq. m., with a population, chiefly agricultural in Osterbotten and nomadic in Laponia, of (1904) 295,187. The bulk of the inhabitants (99 %) are Finnish. There are immense forests, and onlv 0-4% of the area is under culture. The capital of the government is Uleaborg, a seaport on the Gulf of Bothnia, now connected by railway with Helsingfors (498 m.); pop. (1904), 17,737.
Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)