TUKE, FAMILY, the name of an English family, several generations of which were celebrated for their efforts in the cause of philanthropy.
WILLIAM TUKE (1732-1822) was born at York on the 24th of March 1732. His name is connected with the humane treatment of the insane, for whose care he projected in 1792 the Retreat at York, which became famous as an institution in which a bold attempt was made to manage lunatics without the excessive restraints then regarded as essential. The asylum was entirely under the management of the Society of Friends. Its success led to more stringent legislation in the interests of the insane.
His son HENRY TUKE (1755-1814) co-operated with his father in the reforms at the York Retreat. He was the author of several moral and theological treatises which ha ve^. been translated into German and French.
Henry's son SAMUEL TUKE (1784-1857), born at York on the 3istof July 1784, greatly advanced the cause of the amelioration of the condition of the insane, and devoted himself largely to the York Retreat, the methods of treatment pursued in which he made more widely known by his Description of the Retreat near York, etc. (York, 1813). He also published Practical Hints on the Construction and Economy of Pauper Lunatic Asylums (1815). He died at York on the 14th of October 1857.
Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)