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TIMBER-WOLF (Canis occidentalis) , or grey wolf, an American species, or, perhaps, a geographical race of the European C. lupus (see WOLF). The length of good specimens is about 64 in., of which the tail forms' nearly a quarter, and the range of colour is from black to white. Cattle ranchers and shepherds have established a war of extermination against this wolf and the coyote; several states offer bounties ranging from $2 to $10 on wolf-scalps. In Montana in 1901 during a month in the saddle an observer saw no wolves, which have become so scarce that the occupation of the professional wolf-hunter is almost gone. These animals are, however, far from being exterminated, the " bad lands " forming an absolutely secure refuge.

Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)

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