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TIGLATH-PILESER (Ass. Tukulti-pal-E-sarra, "my confidence is the son of E-sarra," i.e. the god In-Aristi), the name of several Assyrian kings. The numbering of these kings is not certain.

TIGLATH-PILESER I., the son of Assur-ris-isi, ascended the throne c. 1120 B.C., and was one of the greatest of Assyrian conquerors. His first campaign was against the Moschi who had occupied certain Assyrian districts on the Upper Euphrates; then he overran Commagene and eastern Cappadocia, and drove the Hittites from the Assyrian province of Subarti north-east of Malatia. In a subsequent campaign the Assyrian forces penetrated into the Kurdish mountains south of Lake Van and then turned westward, Malatia submitting to the invader. In his fifth year Tiglath-Pileser attacked Comana in Cappadocia, and placed a record of his victories engraved on copper plates in a fortress he built to secure his Cilician conquests. The Aramaeans of north Syria were the next to be attacked, and he thrice made his way as far as the sources of the Tigris. The command of the high road to the Mediterranean was secured by the possession of the Hittite town of Pethor at the junction of the Euphrates and Sajur, and at Arvad he received presents, including a crocodile, from the Egyptian king, and, embarking in a ship, killed a dolphin in the sea. He was passionately fond of the chase and was also a great builder, the restoration of the temple of Assur and Hadad at Assur (q.v.) being one of his works.

TIGLATH-PILESER II OR III, son of Hadad-nirari II., appears to have reigned from about 950 to 930 B.C., but nothing is known about him.

Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)

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