TALLOW TREE, in botany, the popular name of a small tree, Stillingia sebifera, belonging to the family Euphorbiaceae, a native of China, but cultivated in India and other warm countries. The seeds are thickly coated with a white greasy substance so-called vegetable tallow from which candles are made, and which is also used in soap-making and dressing cloth. The butter tree or tallow tree of Sierra Leone is Pentadesma butyracea, a member of the family Guttiferae. The fruit, which is 4 to 5 in. long and about 3 in. in diameter, has a thick fleshy rind abounding in a yellow greasy juice.
Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)