SYLBURG, FRIEDRICH (1536-1596), German classical scholar, son of a farmer, was born at Wetter near Marburg. He studied at Marburg, Jena, Geneva, and, lastly, Paris, where his teacher was Henry Estienne (Stephanus), to whose great Greek Thesaurus Sylburg afterwards made important contributions. Returning to Germany, he held educational posts at Neuhaus near Worms and at Lich near Giessen, where he edited a useful edition of the Institutions in graecam linguam (1580) of Nicolaus Clenardus (Cleynaerts, 1405-1 542). In 1 583 he resigned his post at Lich and moved to Frankfort-on-the-Main to act as corrector and editor of Greek texts for the enterprising publisher Johann Wechel. To his Frankfort period belong the editions of Pausanias, Herodotus, Dionysius of Halicarnassus (one of his best pieces of work and highly praised by Niebuhr), Aristotle, the Greek and Latin sources for the history of the Roman emperors and the Ilepi <rvvra!-fus of Apollonius Dyscolus. In 1591 he removed to Heidelberg, where he became librarian to the elector palatine. The Wechel series was continued by Hieronymus Commelinus of Heidelberg, for whom Sylburg edited Clement of Alexander, Justin Martyr, the Etymologicum magnum, the Scriptores de re ruslica, the Greek gnomic poets, Xenophon, Nonnus and other works. All Sylburg's editions show great critical power and indefatigable industry. He died on the i yth of February 1596, a victim of over- work.
See F. Koldewey, in Allgemeine deutsche Biographic; K. W. Justi, in Strieder's Hessische Gelehrten-Geschichle, xviii. (Marburg, 1819); C. Bursian, Geschichte der classischen Philologie in Deutschland (1883) ; J. E. Sandys, Hist, of Class. Schol., ii. (1908), p. 270.
Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)