SIVAS PROVINCE, one of the largest and most important vilayets of Asia Minor, lying between 38 30' and 41 N. and 35 30' and 39 E. It is rich in mineral wealth silver, lead, copper, iron, manganese, arsenic, alum, salt and coal; and has several hot and cold mineral springs, and large forests of fir, pine, beech and oak. The climate is good, the average elevation of the province being over 3500 ft., and the soil fertile. Wheat and barley are largely grown on the plateau, and in the lower districts there are extensive fruit orchards and vineyards. The port of the vilayet is Samsun (q.v.), whence a chaussee runs through Amasia, Tokat, and Sivas to Kharput; but Sivas is also connected by road with the minor Black Sea ports, Unieh, Ordu and Kerasund. The rates for transport are, however, prohibitive. Angora is the nearest railway point.
Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)