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SIRGUJA, or SURGUJA, one of the Chota Nagpur feudatory states, which was transferred in 1905, from Bengal to the Central Provinces. It-is bounded on the N. by the state of Rewa and the districts of Mirzapur and Ranchi, on the E. by Ranchi, on the S. by the Bilaspur district of the Central Provinces and the states of Udaipur and Jashpur, and on the W. by the state of Korea. It is very hilly, with elevated table-lands affording good pasturage, and cut up by numerous ravines. The rivers are the Kanhar, Rer, Mahan, Sone and Sankh, the last being formerly known as the Diamond river. Hot springs exist in the state. Extensive sal forests cover a large area, affording shelter to herds of wild elephant, bison, and many sorts of deer, and also to tigers, bears and other beasts of prey. Area, 6089 sq. m.; pop. (1901) 351,011; estimated revenue, 8000. The residence of the maharaja is at Bisrampur..

Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)

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