SHOULDER (in O.E. sculder, cognate with Ger. Schulter, Dutch schouder, Swed. skuldra, etc; the root is unknown), the name of that part of the body of man and animals where the upper arm or fore-leg articulates with the collar bone and shoulder-blade (see JOINTS).
Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)