SHALMANESER III. (or IV.) appears as governor of Zimirra in Phoenicia in the reign of Tiglath-pileser IV. (or III.) and is supposed by H. Winckler to have been the son of the latter king. At all events, on the death of Tiglath-pileser, he succeeded to the throne the 25th of Tebet 727 B.C., and changed his original name of Ulula to that of Shalmaneser. The revolt of Samaria took place during his reign (see JEWS 15), 'and while he was besieging the rebel city he died on the 1zth of Tebet 722 B.C. and the crown was seized by Sargon.
For all these rulers see BABYLONIA AND ASSYRIA, Sections V. and VIII., and works quoted. (A. H. S.)
Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)