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SEGESVAR (Ger. SchHssburg), a town of Hungary, in Transylvania, the capital of the county of Nagy-Klikullo, 126 m. S.E. of Koloszvar by rail. Pop. (1900) 10,857. Amongst the principal buildings are a Gothic church of the i sth century, the town and county hall, a German gymnasium with a good collection of antiquities, and the municipal museum. In front of the county hall is a bronze statue of the Hungarian poet Alexander Petofi (1823-1849), erected in 1897. Segesvar has a good woollen and linen trade, as well as exports of wine and fruit.

Segesvar was founded by Saxon colonists at the end of the 12th century; its Latin name was Caslrum Sex. Here, on the 31st of July 1849, the Hungarian army under Bern was defeated by the overwhelming numbers of the Russian General Luders. Petofi is generally believed to have met his end in this battle.

Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)

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