Schaffle, Albert Eberharo Friedrich
SCHAFFLE, ALBERT EBERHARO FRIEDRICH (1831-1003), German statesman and political economist, was born at Niirtingen in Wiirttemberg on the 24th of February 1831, and in 1848 became a student at the university of Tubingen. From 1850 to 1860 he was attached to the editorial staff of the Sckwiibische Merkur in Stuttgart, and in the latter year accepted a call to the chair of political economy at Tubingen. From 1862 to 1864 Schaffle was a member of the Wiirttemberg diet, and in 1868 he received a mandate to the German Zollparlament. This year he was appointed professor of political science at the university of Vienna, and in 1871 he entered the cabinet of Karl Siegmund Graf von Hohenwart as minister of commerce for Austria. But the government fell in the same year, and Schaffle withdrew to Stuttgart, where he took up his residence, devoting himself entirely to literary work. He died at Stuttgart on the 25th of December 1903. Among his numerous writings must be mentioned Das Gesellschaftliche System der menschlichen Wirthschaft (new ed., 1873); Die National okonomische Theorie der ausschliessenden Absatzverhdltnisse (1867); Ban und Leben des socialen Korpers (2nd ed. 1896); Ein Votum gegen den neuesten Zolllarif (Tubingen, 1901); Die agrarische Gefahr (Berlin, 1902); Gesammelte Aufsatzc (1885-1887). From 1892 to 1001 Schaffle was the sole editor of the Zeitschrift fiir die gesamle Staatswissenschaft.
See Biermann, Schaffle und der Agrarismus (Bonn, 1902) and his autobiography, Aus meinem Leben (Berlin, 1905).
Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)