SCARLET, a vivid, bright red colour, somewhat inclined to orange. The word appears in most European languages; cf. Ger. Scharlach, Swed. skarlakan, Ital. scarlatto, etc.; the English form is an adaptation of the O. Fr. escarlate, mod. ecarlate. The origin of these is to be found in the Persian saglan, meaning " broad-cloth." There are various forms, sagalat, sigalat, suglat; this cloth was chiefly used for dresses, flags, large tents and trappings, and was frequently scarlet in colour, and hence its name became applied to the colour.
Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)