SCANTLING, measurement or prescribed size, dimensions, particularly used of timber and stone and also of vessels. In regard to timber the scantling is the thickness and breadth, the sectional dimensions; in the case of stone the dimensions of thickness, breadth and length; in shipbuilding the collective dimensions of the various parts. The word is a variation of " scantillon," a carpenter's or mason's measuring tool, also used of the measurements taken by it, and of a piece of timber of small size cut as a sample. The O. Fr. escantUlon, mod. (chantillon, is usually taken to be related to Ital. scandaglio, sounding-line (Lat. scandere, to climb; cf. scansio, the metrical scansion). It was probably influenced by canlel, can tie, a small piece, a corner piece. The English form " scantling " was no 1 Cf J. A. Lundell, " Skandinavische Mundarten " (Grundriss der germanischen Philologie; 2. Aufl. 1901).
' The substance of these researches was presented in a magazine, called Norvegia (1887), which employed an alphabet invented by Storm.
doubt partly due to a confusion with " scant," stinted, of short measure; this is for scamt, cf. " skimpy," " scamp " (q.v.), and is related to O.N. skammr, short, brief.
Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)