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SCALD, an ancient Scandinavian bard who recited or sang at feasts compositions in honour of chiefs and famous men and their deeds. This word represents the Icel. skald, Dan. skald, Swed. skjald, the regular term for a poet. Authorities differ as to its derivation. It seems certain that the word was originally derogatory in sense; some connect it with skalda, a pole, on which libels were cut. Others, e.g. Skeat, refer it to Swed. skalla, Icel. skjalla, to make a loud noise or clatter, and take the original sense to have been a " loud talker." This would link the word with " scold," to rail at, find fault with, which is formed from Dutch schold, past tense of scheldan, cf. Ger. schelten, in the same sense.

Of different origin is the verb " scald," to burn or injure the skin or flesh by hot liquid or steam (see BURNS AND SCALDS); also to cleanse an object, or to remove hair, bristles, feathers etc., from an animal, by exposure to moist heat, such as boiling water, steam, etc. This word is derived from the O. Fr. escalder, eschauder, mod. echauder, Lat. excaldare, to wash with hot water (caldus, calidus, hot).

Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)

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