SANDERS, DANIEL (1819-1896), German lexicographer, was born on the 12th of November 1819 at Altstrelitz in Mecklenburg, of Jewish parentage. He was educated at the " Gymnasium Carolinum " in the neighbouring capital Neustrelitz, and the universities of Berlin and Halle, where he took the degree of doctor philosophiae. From 1842 to 1852 he conducted with success the school at Altstrelitz.
In 1852 he subjected Grimm's Deutsches Worterbuch to a rigorous examination, and as a result published his dictionary of the German language, Worterbuch der deutschen Sprache (3 vols., 1859-1865). This was followed by his Ergdnzungsworterbuch der deutschen Sprache (1878-1885). Amon^ others of his works in the same field are Fremdworterbuch (Leipzig, 1871; 2nd ed., 1891), Worterbuch der Hauptschwierigkeiien in der deutschen Sprache (1872; 22nd ed., 1892) and Lehrbuch der deutschen Sprache fur Schulen (8th ed., 1888). Sanders laid down his views in his Katechismus der deutschen Orthographic (1856; 4th ed., 1878), and was an active member of the orthographical conference in Berlin in 1876. He published a translation in verse of theSong of Songs ( 1 866) , and wrote some poems for the young, Heitere Kinderweli (1868). In 1887 he founded the Zeitschrift fur die deutsche Sprache, which he conducted almost down to his death at Altstrelitz on the nth of March 1897.
See Friedrich Diisel, Daniel Sanders (1886; 2nd ed., 1890); A. Segert-Stein, Daniel Sanders, ein Gedenkbuch (1897).
Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)