Saint-Hilaire, Augustin Francois
SAINT-HILAIRE, AUGUSTIN FRANCOIS CfeSAR PROU- VENQAL DE, commonly known as AUGUSTE DE (1799-1853), French botanist and traveller, was born at Orleans on the 4th of October 1799. He began to publish memoirs on botanical subjects at an early age. In 1816-1822 and in 1830 he travelled in South America, especially in south and central Brazil, and the results of his study of the rich flora of the regions through which he passed appeared in several books and numerous articles in scientific journals. The works by which he is best known are the Flora Brasilia* Meridionalis (3 vols., folio, with 192 coloured plates, 1825-1832), published in conjunction with A. de Jussieu and J. Cambessedes, Histoire des plantes les plus remarquables du Bresil et de Paraguay (i vol. 4to, 30 plates, 1824), Plantes usuelles des Bresiliens (i vol. 4to, 70 plates, 1827-1828), also in conjunction with De Jussieu and Cambessedes, and Voyage dans le district des diamants etsur le littoral du Bresil (2vols., 8vo, 1833). His Lemons de botanique, comprenant principalement la morphologic vegetale (1840), was a comprehensive exposition of botanical morphology and of its application to systematic botany. He died at Orleans on the 30th of September 1853.
Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)