SAGAING, a district and division of Upper Burma, lying to the south and west of Mandalay. The district has an area of 1862 sq. m.; pop. (1901) 282,658, showing an increase of 15% in the decade. It occupies both banks of the Irrawaddy, at its confluence with the river Chindwin. The chief crops are sesamum, millet, rice, peas, wheat and cotton. The total rainfall in 1905 was 34-76 in., taken at Sagaing. In the hot season the maximum shade temperature rises to a little over 100 F. The lowest readings in the cold season average about 56 F.
Sagaing, the headquarters town, is opposite Ava, a few miles below Mandalay; pop. (1001) 9643. It was formerly a capital of Burma. It is the terminus of the railway to-Myitkyina. A steam ferry connects with the Rangoon-Mandalay line, and the steamers of the Irrawaddy Flotilla Company call daily.
The Sagaing division includes the four districts of Upper and Lower Chindwin, Shwebo and Sagaing; area, 29,566 sq. m.; pop. (1901) 1,000,483.
Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)