Roscher, Wilhelm Georg Friedrich
ROSCHER, WILHELM GEORG FRIEDRICH (1817-1894), German economist, was born at Hanover on the 21st of October 1817. He studied at Gottingen and Berlin, and obtained a professorship at Gottingen in 1844 and subsequently at Leipzig in 1848. Omitting preparatory indications and undeveloped germs of doctrine, the origin of the " historical " school of political economy may be traced to Roscher. Its fundamental principles are dated, though with some hesitation, and with an unfortunate contrast of the historical with the philosophical method, in his Grundriss zu Vorlesungen iiber die Staalswirthschaft nach geschichtlicher Melhode (1843). This short study was afterwards expanded into his great System der Volkswirthschaft, published in five volumes between 1854 and 1894, and arranged as follows: vol. i., Die Grundlagen der Nationalokonomie, 1854 (trans, by J. J. Lalor, Principles of Political Economy, Chicago, 1878); vol. ii., Die National okonomie des Ackerbaues und der verwandten Urproduktionszweige, 1859; vol. iii., Die National okonomie des Handels und Gewerbfleisses, 1881; vol. iv., System der Finanzwissenschaft, 1886; vol. v., System der Armenpflege und Armenpolilik, 1894. His Geschichte der National okonomie in Deutschland (1874) is a monumental work. He also published in 1842 an excellent commentary on the life and works of Thucydides. He died at Leipzig on the 4th of June 1894.
See T. Roscher, Zur Geschichte der Familie Roscher in Niedersachsen (Hanover, 1892); Brasch, Wilhelm Roscher und die sozialwissenschaftlichen Stromungen der Gegenwart (Leipzig, 1895).
Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)