ROMANIN, SAMUELE (1808-1861), Venetian historian, was born of a poor Jewish family at Trieste. Being left an orphan at an early age, he provided for his younger brothers and sister >y giving French anfl German lessons. In 1821 he settled in /enice, where he afterwards translated Hammer-Purgstall's leschichte des osmanischen Reiches into Italian. He next pubished his own Storia dei Popoli Europei (Venice, 1843-44). le taught in a private school and was sworn interpreter in German to the courts of justice; on the expulsion of the Austrians in 1848 he was appointed professor of history by he provisional government, and he lectured on Venetian listory at the Ateneo Veneto. In 1852 he began to publish lis monumental Storia documenlata di Venezia, but although he inished the work, carrying it down to the fall of the republic n 1798, he did not live to see the publication completed, as ie died of apoplexy on the gth of September 1861; among his sapers were found all the documents which were to be added, and the index. The tenth and last volume was issued in 1861.
After Romania's death his lectures on Venetian history were published in two volumes (Florence, 1875). Among his minor works we may mention: Gli Inqmsiton dt Statp dt Venezta (Venice, 1858), Bajamonte Tiepolo e le sue ultime vtcende (Venice, 1851), and Venezia nel 1789 (Venice, 1860).
Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)