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RHONGEBIRGE, or DIE RHON, a mountain-chain of central ermany, running in a north-westerly direction from the Bavarian province of Lower Franconia to the Prussian province of Hesse-Nassau and the grand duchy of Saxe- Weimar, and divided by the Werra from the Thuringian Forest on the N. The other sides are bounded by the Fulda on the W. and the Sinn and Prankish Saab on the E. and S. Its length is 50 m., Dreadth 5-7 m., and its mean elevation 1900 ft. This district s divided into three groups the southern, the high (Hohe) and the nearer (Vordere) Rhon. Of these the southern, a continuation of the Spessart, largely consists of flat conical masses and reaches its highest point in the Heiliger Kreuzberg (2900 ft.). The Hohe Rhon, beginning immediately to the north-west of the latter mountain, is a high plateau of red sandstone, covered with fens and basalt peaks. It is a wild, dreary, inclement ract of country, covered with snow for six months in the year and visited by frequent fogs and storms. It is said of it that whoever desires to experience a northern winter can spare limself a journey to the North Cape or Siberia, and find it in lis native Rhon. There is little vegetation, and the inhabitants eke out a scanty sustenance from the cultivation of potatoes and flax. The highest inhabited place is Frankenhausen, lying at a height of 2350 ft. with 6383 inhabitants (1900). The nearer (Vordere) Rhon, forming the northern side of the range, is more attractive, with forests and deep and fertile valleys.

See Lenk, Zur geologischen Kenntnis der sudlichen Rhon (WUrzburg, 1887); Scheidtweiler, Die Rhon und ihre wirthschaftlichen Verhdltnisse (Frankfort, 1887); and Daniel, Deutschland (sth ed., Leipzig, 1878).

Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)

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