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Raumer, Friedrich Ludwig Georg Von

RAUMER, FRIEDRICH LUDWIG GEORG VON (1781-1873), German historian, was born at Worlitz in Anhalt on the14th of May 1781. His father (d. 1822), as Kammerdirektor in Anhalt, did excellent service to agriculture. After studying at the Joachimsthal Gymnasium, Berlin, and at the universities of Halle and Gottingen, Raumer began to practise law, and rose in the civil service under Hardenberg, the chancellor. He was made a professor at the university of Breslau in 1811, and in 1819 he became professor of political science and history at Berlin, holding the chair until 1847, and giving occasional lectures until 1853. In 1815 he had carried on historical investigations in Venice, and in the two following years he had travelled in Germany, Switzerland and Italy. In 1848 he was elected a member of the German parliament at Frankfort, where he associated himself with the right centre, supporting the proposal for a German empire under the supremacy of Prussia; and he was one of the deputation which offered the imperial crown to Frederick William IV. After the breakdown of the German parliament, Raumer returned to Berlin, where he was made a member of the first chamber of the Prussian parliament. He died at Berlin on the 14th of June 1873. Raumer's style is direct, lucid and vigorous, and in his day he was a popular historian, but judged by strictly scientific standards he does not rank among the first men of his time.

His first work, published anonymous! v in 1806, was entitled Seeks Dialoge liber Krieg und Handel. This was followed by Das brilische Besteuerungssystem (1810), Handbuch merkwurdiger Stellen aus den lateinischen Geschichtschreibern des Mittelalters (1813), Herbstreise nach Venedig (1816) and other books. His most famous works are Geschichle der Hohenstaufen und ihrer Zeil (1823-25; 5th ed., 1876) and Geschichle Europas seil dent Ende des i$ten Jalirhunderls (1832-50). In 1831 appeared Briefe aus Paris und Frankreich im Jahre jSjo and Briefe aus Paris zur Erlaulerung der Geschichle des idten und i?len Jahrhunderls. He went to England in 1835, to Italy in 1839 and to America in 1843, and these visits led to the publication of various works England in 1835 (1836), Beitrage zur neuern Geschichte aus dent Brilischen Museum und Reichsarchive (1836-39), Italien, Beitrage zur Kennlniss dieses Landes (1840), Die Vereinigten Slaaten von Nordamerika (1845). Among his later books mav be mentioned Antiquarische Briefe (1851), Historisch-politische Briefe uber die geselligen Verhaltnisse der tfenschen (1860), Lebenserinnerungen und Briefwechsel (1861) and Handbuch zur Geschichte der Literatur (1864-66). In 1830 Raumer began the Hislorisches Taschenbuch published by Brockhaus, which from 1871 was continued by Rich).

Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)

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