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Querard, Joseph Marie

QUERARD, JOSEPH MARIE (1797-1865), French bibliographer, was born at Rennes on the asth of December 1797. He was apprenticed to a bookseller in his native town, and was sent abroad on business. He remained in Vienna from 1819 to 1824, and there drew up the first volumes of his great work, La France litteraire, ou Dictionnaire bibliographique des savants, historiens, et gens de leltres de la France, etc. (10 vols., 1826-1842), dealing especially with the 18th and early 1gth centuries, which he was enabled to complete by a government subsidy granted by Guizot in 1830, and by the help of the Russian bibliophile Serge Poltoratzky. The firm of Didot, who were his publishers, took out of his hands the Literature francaise contemporaine with which he had intended to complete his work, and placed it with Ch. Louandre and F. Bourquelot. Querard avenged himself by pointing out the errors of his successors. In spite of his claims Querard was unable to secure a position in any of the public libraries. He died in Paris on the 3rd of December 1865.

Among his other works are: Les supercheries litteraires devoilees (5 vols., 1845-56); Bibliographic La Menaisienne (1849); Dictionnaire des ouvrages-polyonymes et anonymes de la littcralure francaise, 1700-1859 (1846-47); an additional volume to La France litteraire entitled crivains pseudonymes, etc. (1854-56). See Mar. Jozon d'Erquar, Querard, in La France litteraire (1854), vol. xi.

Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)

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