Pope Honorius Ii
POPE HONORIUS II. (Lamberto Scannabecchi), pope from the of December 1124 to the 13th of February 1130, a native of Fagnano near Imola, of considerable learning and great religious zeal, successively archdeacon at Bologna, cardinalpriest of Sta Prassede under Urban II., cardinal-bishop of Ostia and Velletri under Paschal II., shared the exile of Gelasius II.
in France, and helped Calixtus II. to conclude the Concorda of Worms (1122), which settled the investiture contest. He owed his election in large measure to force employed by thi Frangipani, but was consecrated with general consent on thi aist of December 1124. By means of a close alliance with tha powerful family, he was enabled to maintain peace at Rome and the death of Emperor Henry V. (1125) further strengthenet the papal position. He recognized the Saxon Lothair III. as king of the Romans and later as emperor, and excommunicatec his rival, Conrad of Hohenstaufen. He sanctioned the Praemonstratensian order and that of the Knights Templars. He excommunicated Count William of Normandy for marriage in prohibited degree; brought to an end, through the influence of Bernard of Clairvaux, the struggle with Louis VI. of France and arranged with Henry I. for the reception of papal legates in England. He laid claim as feudal overlord to the Norman possessions in southern Italy (July 1127), and excommunicatec the claimant, Duke Roger of Sicily, but was unable to prevent the foundation of the Neapolitan monarchy, for Duke Roger defeated the papal army and forced recognition in August 1128. Honorius appealed to Lothair for assistance, but died before it arrived. His successor was Innocent II.
The chief sources for the life of Honorius II. are his " Epistolae et Privilegia," in I. P. Migne, Patrol. Lot. vol. 166, and the Vitae of Cardinals Pandulf and Boso in J. M. Watterich, Pontif. Roman, vitae, vo\. 2 (Leipzig, 1862); also " Codice diplomatico e bollario di Onorio II." in Fr. Liverani opere, vol. 4 (Macerata, 1859), and Jaffe'-Wattenbach, Regesta pontif. Roman. (1885-1888).
See J. Langen, Geschichte der romischen Kirche von Gregor VII. bis Innocenz III. (Bonn, 1893) ; F. Gregorovius, Rome in the Middle Ages, vol. 4, trans, by Mrs G. W. Hamilton (London, 1896); H. H. Milraan, Latin Christianity, vol. 4 (London, 1899); Fr. Liverani, " Lamberto da Fiagnano " in Opere, vol. 3 (Macerata, 1859); A. Wagner, Die unteritalischen Normannen und das Papsltum 1086- 1150 (Breslau, 1885); E. Bernheim, Zur Geschichte des Wormser Concordats (Gottingen, 1878); Volkmar, " Das Verhaltnis Lothars III. zur Investiturfrage," in Forschungen zur deutschen Geschichte, vol. 26. (C. H. HA.)
Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)