PAWNEE (perhaps from the native word for " horn," in allusion to their scalping lock, which was " dressed " so as to stand straight up), a tribe of North-American Indians of Caddoan stock. They formerly lived on the Platte river in Nebraska. They call themselves Skihiksihiks ("men of men"). They were a brave, war-loving tribe, whose history was one of continual strife with their neighbours. In 1823 their village was burned by the Delawares, and in 1S38 the tribe suffered severely from smaU-pox, the death-roll being, it is said, 2000. By treaty in 1833 they had ceded their territory south of the Platte, and in 1858 they surrendered all their remaining land except a strip on the Loup River. Here they hved tiU 1874, when they moved to a reservation in Indian Territory (now Oklahoma), where they now are.
Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)