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OUNDLE, a market-town in the Northern parliamentary division of Northamptonshire, England, 305 m. N.E. of Northampton by a branch of the London & North- Western railway. Pop. of urban district (1901) 2404. It is picturesquely situated on an eminence, two sides of which are touched by the river Nene, which here makes a deep bend. The church of St Peter is a fine building with Early English, Decorated and Perpendicular porticos, with a western tower and lofty spire. Oundle School, one of the English public schools, was founded under the will of Sir William Laxton, Lord Mayor of London (d. 1556). There are about 200 boys. The school is divided into classical and modern sides, and has exhibitions to Oxford and Cambridge universities. A second-grade school was instituted out of the foundation in 1878. Oundle has a considerable agricultural trade.

Wilfrid, archbishop of York, is said to have been buried in 711 at a monastery in Oundle (Undele) which appears to have been destroyed shortly afterwards, and was certainly not in existence at the time of the Conquest. The manor, with a market and tolls, was among the possessions confirmed in 072 by King Edgar to the abbot of Peterborough, to whom it still belonged in 10S6. The market was then worth 20s. yearly and is shown by the quo warranto rolls to have been held on Saturday, tiie day being changed to Thursday in 1835. After the Dissolu- tion the market was granted with the manor to John, earl of Bedford, and still belongs to the lord of the manor. The abbot of Peterborough about the i3lh century confirmed to his men of Oundle freedom from tallage, " saving to himself pleas of portmanmoot and all customs pertaining to the market," and they agreed to pay 8 marks, 12s. iid., yearly for their privileges. The town was evidently governed by bailiffs in 1401, when the " bailiffs and good men " received a grant of pontage for the repair of the bridge called " Assheconbrigge," but the town was never incorporated and never sent members to parliament.

Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)

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