Ortolan, Joseph Louis Elzear
ORTOLAN, JOSEPH LOUIS ELZEAR (1802-1873), French jurist, was born at Toulon, on the 21st of August 1802. He studied law at Aix and Paris, and early made his name by two volumes, Explication hisloriquc des institutes de Justinien (1827), and Histoire de la legislation romainc (1S28), the first of which has been frequently republished. He was made assistant librarian to the court of cassation, and w'as promoted after the Revolution of 1830 to be secretary-general. He was also commissioned to give a course of lectures at the Sorbonne on constitutional law, and in 1836 was appointed to the chair of comparative criminal law at the university of Paris. He published many works on constitutional and comparative law, of which the following may be mentioned: Histoire du droit constituiionncl en Europe pendant Ic moyen dge (1831) ; Introduction hislorique au cours de legislation penale coinparee (1S41); he was the author of a volume of poetry Les cnfantincs (1845). He died in Paris, on the 27th of March 1S73.
Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)