ORCHARD (O. Eng. orl-gcard, later orccard; a combination apparently of Lat. /tortus, garden, and " yard " or " garth "), a piece of ground enclosed for the purposes of horticulture. The term was formerly used in a general way for a garden where herbs and fruit-trees were cultivated, but is now used exclusively for a piece of enclosed ground for fruit-trees only, and particularly for apples, pears, plums and cherries.
Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)