OPTICS, the science of light, regarded as the medium of sight (Gr. oi/'is). Generally the noun is qualified by an adjective so as to delimitate the principal groups of optical phenomena, e.g. geometrical optics, physical optics, meteorological optics, etc. Greek terminology included two adjectival forms - to. otttiko., for all optical phenomena, including vision and the nature of light, and 17 otttlkyj (sc. deuipLa), for the objective study of light, i.e. the nature of light itself and the theory of vision. See Light and Vision.
Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)