MULLER, WILHELM (1794-1827), German lyric poet, was born at Dessau on the 7th of October 1794, the son of a shoemaker. He was educated at the gymnasium of his native town and at the university of Berlin, where he devoted himself to philological and historical studies. In 1813-1814 he took part, as a volunteer, in the national rising against Napoleon. In 1817 he visited Italy, and in 1820 published his impressions in Rom, Romer und Romerinnen. In 1818 he was appointed teacher of classics in the Dessau school, and in 1820 librarian to the ducal library. He died at Dessau on the 30th of September 1827. Miiller's earliest lyrics are contained in a volume of poems, Bundesbluten, by several friends, which was published in 1816. His literary reputation was made by the Gedichte aus den hinterlassenen Papieren eines reisenden W aldhornisten (2 vols., 1821-1824), andtheLieder der Griechen (1821-1824). The latter collection was Germany's chief tribute of sympathy to the Greeks in their struggle against the Turkish yoke, a theme which inspired many poets of the time. Two volumes of N eugriechische Volkslieder, and Lyrische Reisen und epigrammatische Spaziergdnge, followed in 1825 and 1827. Miiller also wrote a book on the Homerische Vorschule (1824; 2nd. ed., 1836), translated Marlowe's Faustus, and edited a Bibliothek der Dichtungen des 17. Jahrhunderts (1822-1827; 10 vols.). His poetic genius was kindred to that of the composer Schubert, who set many of his lyrics to music.
Wilhelm Miiller's Gedichte were first collected in 1837 (4th ed., 1858); edited by his son, F. Max Miiller (1868); there are also numerous more recent editions, notably one in Reclam's Universalbibliothek (1894); critical edition by J. T. Hatfield (1906). Miiller's Vermischte Schriften were edited with a biography by G. Schwab (3 vols., 1830). See F. Max Miiller's article in the Attgemeine deutsche Biographie; O. Franck, " Zur Biographic des Dichters W. Mtiller " (Mitteilungen des Vereins fur anhaltische Geschichte, 1887); J. T. Hatfield, " W. Miillers unveroffentlichtes Tagebuch und seine ungedruckten Briefe " (Deutsche Rundschau, 1902).