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MOUND, now used in the sense of a pile or heap of earth, artificial or natural, especially such a pile raised over a grave or burial-place, a tumulus, or as a means of defence, and so used to translate Lat. agger. The earliest use in English is for a hedge or other boundary between adjoining lands; this only survives dialectically. The word is obscure in origin, but was early influenced by " mount," i.e. hill; Lat. mons, mantis. A connexion with 0. Eng. mund, guardianship, hand, has been suggested. The " orb," i.e. a globe of gold surmounted by a cross, as forming part of the regalia (q.v.), is often known as a " mound "; this is a translation of Fr. monde; Lat. mundus, world.

Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)

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