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Montbrun, Louis Pierre, Count

MONTBRUN, LOUIS PIERRE, COUNT (1770-1812), French cavalry general, served with great distinction in the cavalry arm throughout the wars of the Revolution and the Consulate, and in 1800 was appointed to command his regiment, having served therein from trooper upwards. At Austerlitz (Dec. 2, 1805) he was promoted general of brigade. He earned further distinction in Germany and Poland as a dashing leader of horse, and in 1808 he was sent into Spain. Here occurred an incident which unfavourably influenced his whole career. He found himself obliged to overstay his leave of absence in order to protect the lady who afterwards became his wife. Napoleon was furious, and deprived him of his command, and Montbrun was awaiting his master's decision when an opportunity came to retrieve his reputation. Some doubt exists as . to the events of the famous cavalry charge at the Somosierra, but Montbrun's share in it was most conspicuous. Soon afterwards he was promoted to be general of division, and in 1809 his cavalry took no inconsiderable part in the victories of Eckmiihl and Raab. He was employed in the Peninsula, 1810- 1811. He was killed, when commanding a cavalry corps, at the beginning of the battle of Borodino (Sept. 7, 1812). Montbrun was considered, as a leader of heavy cavalry, second only to Kellermann of all the generals of the First Empire.

Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)

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