Montausier, Charles De Sainte-Maure
MONTAUSIER, CHARLES DE SAINTE-MAURE, DUC DE (1610-1690), French soldier, was born on the 6th of October 1 6 10, being the second son of Leon de Sainte-Maure, baron de Montausier. His parents were Huguenots, and he was educated at the Protestant College of Sedan under Pierre du Moulin. He served brilliantly at the sie!ge of Casale in 1630. Becoming marquis de Montausier by the death of his elder brother in 1635, he was the recognized aspirant for the hand of Mme de Rambouillet's daughter Julie Lucine d'Angennes (1607-1671). Having served under Bernard of Saxe- Weimar in Germany in 1634 he returned to the French service in 1636, and fought in the Rhenish campaigns of the following years. He was taken prisoner at Rantzau in November 1643, and only ransomed after ten months' captivity. On his return to France he became a lieutenant-general. On the 15th of July 1645 he married " the incomparable Julie, " thus terminating a courtship famous in the annals of French literature because of the Guirlande de Julie, a garland of verse consisting of madrigals by Montausier, Jean Chapelain, Guillaume Colletet, Claude de Malleville, Georges de Scudery, Pierre Corneille (if M. Uzanne is correct in the attribution of the poems signed M.C.), Philippe Hubert, Simon Arnauld de Pomponne, 1 Jean Desmarests de Saint Sorlin, Antoine Gombaud (t,e nain de la Princesse Julie) and others. It was copied by the famous calligraphist N. Jarry in a magnificent MS., on each page of which was painted a flower, and was presented to Julie on her fete day in 1641. The MS. is now in possession of the Uzes family, to whom it passed by the marriage of Julie's daughter to Emmanuel de Crussol, due d'Uzes.
Montausier had bought the governorship of Saintonge and Angoumois, and became a Roman Catholic before his marriage. During the Fronde he remained, in spite of personal grievances against Mazarin, faithful to the Crown. On the conclusion of peace in 1653 the marquis, who had been severely wounded in 1652, obtained high favour at court in spite of the roughness of his manners and the general austerity which made the Parisian public recognize him as the original of Alceste in the Misanthrope. Montausier received from Louis XIV. the order of the Saint Esprit, the government of Normandy, a dukedom, and in 1668 the office of governor of the dauphin, Louis. He initiated the series of classics Ad usum Delphini, directed by the learned Huet, and gave the closest attention to the education of his charge, who was only moved by his iron discipline to a hatred of learning. Court gossip assigned some part of Montausier's favour to the complaisance of his wife, who, appointed lady-in-waiting to the queen in 1664, favoured Louis XIV.'s passion for Louise de la Valliere, and subsequently protected Mme de Montespan, who found a refuge from her husband with her. He died on the 17th of November 1690.
See Pere Nicolas Petit, Vie du due de Montausier (1729); Puget de Saint Pierre, Histoire du due de Montausier (1784); AmexJee Roux, Un Misanthrope a la- cour de Louis XIV. Montausier (1860); O. Uzanne, La Guirlande de Julie (1875); E. Fl&hier, Oraisons funebres du due et de la duchesse de Montausier (Paris, 1691); and contemporary memoirs.
Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)