MONCHIQUE, a town of southern Portugal, in the district of Faro (formerly the province of Algarve); 13 m. S. of Saboia station on the Lisbon-Faro railway, and 12 m. N. of Villa Nova on the Atlantic. Pop. (1900), 7345. Monchique is one of the principal Portuguese health-resorts, finely situated among the wooded heights of the Serra de Monchique, which rise on the west to 2963 ft. There are hot sulphur springs, with baths and a sanatorium 4 m. south. Wheat, millet, rye, beans, oranges, wine, olive oil and chestnuts are the chief products, and there is a woollen factory.
Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)