MEAT, a word originally applied to food in general, and so still used in such phrases as "meat and drink"; but now, except as an archaism, generally used of the flesh of certain domestic animals, slaughtered for human food by butchers, " butcher's meat," as opposed to " game," that of wild animals, " fish " or " poultry." Cognate forms of the O. Eng. mete are found in certain Teutonic languages, e.g. Swed. mat, Dan. mad and O. H. Ger. Maz. The ultimate origin has been disputed; the New English Dictionary considers probable a connexion with the root med-, " to be fat," seen in Sansk. meda, Lat. madere, " to be wet," and Eng. " mast," the fruit of the beech as food for pigs.
See DIETETICS; FOOD PRESERVATION; PUBLIC HEALTH; AGRI- CULTURE; and the sections dealing with agricultural statistics under the names of the various countries.
Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)