Massenet, Jules Emile Frederic
MASSENET, JULES EMILE FREDERIC (1842- ), French composer, was born at Montaud, on the 12th of May 1842. studied at the Paris Conservatoire, where he obtained the Gri Prix de Rome in 1863 with the cantata David Rizzio. Masses became one of the most prolific composers of his time. His operas include the following: La Grande tante, one act, opera comique (1867); Don Cesar de Bazan, three acts, opera comique (1872); Le Roi de Lahore, five acts, opera (1877); Herodiade, five acts (Brussels, 1881); Manon, five acts, opera comique (1884); Le Cid, four acts, opera (1885); Esclarmonde, four acts, opera comique (1889); Le Mage, five acts, opera (1891); Werther, four :ncn jnet acts (Vienna, 1892); Thais, three acts, opera (1894); Le Portrait de Manon, one act, opera comique (1894); La Navarraise, two acts (Covent Garden, 1894); Sapho, opera comique (1897); Cendrillon, opera comique (1900) ; Griselidis, opera comique (1901) ; Le Jongleur de Notre Dame (Mentone, 1902). Of these the most popular is Manon. Massenet's other works include Marie Madeleine, sacred drama (1873); Eve, a. mystery (1875); La Vierge, sacred legend (1880); six orchestral suites entitled Scenes h groises, Scenes pittoresques, Scenes dramatiques, Scenes nap taines, Scenes de faerie, Scenes alsaciennes; music to the tragi Les Erynnies, to Thlodora, Le Crocodile, L'Hetman; a requie: Narcisse; an idyll, Biblis; a Scene antique; several sets of songs, entitled Poeme d'avril, Poeme d'amour, Poeme d' hirer, Poeme d'octobre, Poeme pastoral, Poeme du souvenir; also a large number of detached songs. He was professor of compositi at the Conservatoire from 1878 to 1896, among his pupils Hillemacher, Marty, Bruneau, Vidal, Pierne, Leroux and Ch pentier. Massenet undoubtedly possesses a style of his own. is at his best in music descriptive of the tender passion, many of the love scenes in his operas are very beautiful.
Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)