Martens, Georg Friedrich Von
MARTENS, GEORG FRIEDRICH VON (1756-1821), German jurist and diplomatist, was born at Hamburg on the 22nd of February 1756. Educated at the universities of Gottingen, Regensburg and Vienna, he became professor of jurisprudence at Gottingen in 1783 and was ennobled in 1789. He was made a counsellor of state by the elector of Hanover in 1808, and in 1810 was president of the financial section of the council of state of the kingdom of Westphalia. In 1814 he was appointed privy cabinet-councillor (Geheimer Kabinetsrat) by the king of Hanover, and in 1816 went as representative of the king to the diet of the new German Confederation at Frankfort, where he died on the 21st of February 1821.
Of his works the most important is the great collection of treaties Recueil des traites, etc.) from 1761 onwards. Of this the first seven volumes were published at Gottingen (1791-1801), followed by four supplementary volumes partly edited by his nephew Karl von Martens (see below). These were followed by Nouveau recueil, of treaties subsequent to 1808, in 16 vols. (Gottingen, 1817-1842), of which G. F. von Martens edited the first four, the fifth being the MARTENSEN MARTHA'S VINEYARD work of K. von Martens, the others (6-9) by F. Saalfeld and (10-16) F. Murhard. A Nouveau supplement, in 3 vols., filling gaps in the previous collection, was also published by Murhard (Gottingcn, 1839-1842). This was followed by Nouveau recueil . . . continuation du grand recueil de Martens, in 20 vols. (Gottingen, 1843-1875), edited in turn by F. Murhard, C. Murhard, J. Pinhas, C. Samwer and J. Hopf, with a general index of treaties from 1404 to 1874 (1876). This was followed by Nouveau recueil, 2me serie (Gottingen, 1876- 1896; vols. xxii.-xxxv., Leipzig, 1897-1908). From vol. xi. on this series was edited by Felix Stork, professor of public law at Greifswald. In 1909 appeared vol. i. of a further Continuation (troisieme s6rie) under the editorship of Professor Heinrich Tricpcl of Kiel University.
Of Martens' other works the most important are the Precis du droit des gens modernes de I'Europe (1789; 3rd ed., Gottingen, 1821 ; new ed., G. S. Pinheiro-Ferreira, 2 vols., 1858, 1864); Erzdhlungen merkvnirdiger Fdlle des neueren europaischen Volkerrechts, 2 vols. (Gottingen, 1800-1802); Cours diplomatique ou tableau des relations des puissances de I'Europe, 3 vols. (Berlin, 1801); Grundriss einer diplomatischen Gesch. der europ. Staatshandel u. Friedensschltisse seitdemEndedes i$.Jahrhunderts (ibid. 1807).
His nephew KARL VON MARTENS (1790-1863), who athisdeath was minister resident of the grand-duke of Weimar at Dresden, published a Manuel diplomatique (Leipzig, 1823), re-issued as Guide diplomatique in two vols. in 1832 (sth ed. by Geffcken, 1866), a valuable textbook of the rules and customs of the diplomatic service; Causes celebres du droit des gens (2 vols., ibid., 1827) and Nouvelles causes celebres (2 vols., ibid., 1843), both republished, in 5 vols. (1858-1861) ; Recueil manuel et pratique de traites (7 vols., ibid., 1846-1857); continued by Geffcken in 3 vols., 1885-1888).
Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)