MARSUPIAL MOLE (Notoryctes typhlops), the " Ur-quamata " of the natives, an aberrant polyprotodont from central South Australia, constituting a family (Notoryctidae). This is a small burrowing animal, : of a pale golden-yellow colour, witji long silky hair, a horny shield on the nose, and a stumpy leathery tail. The feet are five-toed, and the third and fourth toes of the front pair armed with enormous claws adapted for digging. Neither ear-conches nor eyes are visible externally. There are but three pairs of incisor teeth in each jaw, and the upper molars are tricuspid. This animal spends most of its time burrowing in the sand in search of insects and their larvae, but occasionally makes its appearance on the surface.
Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)