Marion, Henri Francois
MARION, HENRI FRANCOIS (1846-1896), French philosopher and educationalist, was born at Saint-Parize-en-Viry (Nievre) on the gth of September 1846. He studied at Nevers, and at the Ecole Normale, where he graduated in 1868. After occupying several minor positions, he returned to Paris in 1875 as professor of the Lycee Henri IV., and in 1880 he became docleur-es-lettres. In the same year he was elected a member of the Council of Public Instruction, and devoted himself to improving the scheme of French education, especially in girls' schools. He was largely instrumental in the foundation of ecoles normales in provincial towns, and himself gave courses of lectures on psychology and practical ethics in their early days. He died in Paris on the 5th of April 1896.
His chief philosophical works were an edition of the Theodicee of Leibnitz (1874), a monograph on Locke (1878), Devoirs et droits de I'homme (1880), Glissonius utrum Leibnitio de natura substantiae cogitanti quidquam tribuerit (1880) ; De La solidarM morale (4th ed., 1893). His lectures at Fontenoy have been published in two volumes entitled Lemons de psychologic appliquee a I'education, and Lemons de morale ; those delivered at the Sorbonne are collected in L ' Education dans I'universile (1892).
Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)